Land is the premise for productivity in agricultural activities. Soil erosion is caused by a mixture of deep farming activities, wrong farming practices, rainfall situations and local situations inside the farm location. Soil erosion is a first-rate impediment to agriculture, which can lead to crop failure and environmental degradation. In addition, cuts in agricultural regions pose a threat to the sustainability of agricultural activities. Land erosion is anticipated to arise on 147 million hectares (Mha) of land in India, of which 94 Mha are due to water erosion, 16 Mha because of acid, 14 Mha because of floods, 9 Mha are in lined with topography, 6 Mha because of salt cover, and 7 Mha with the above combinations. On this overview in land conservation, Government of India signed bills such as, (1) to summarize the principle causes of soil erosion in specific agricultural and climatic zones; (2) the extent and cause of the regional decline; and (3) Indian conservation measures and conservation applications. In this paper an extensive attempt has been taken to review soil degradation and current conservation practices in India.
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